Asian Transactions on Basic & Applied Sciences

Volume: 02, Issue: 02, May 2012
ISSN 2221-4291

Title: New Method to Prepared of NiO Nanoparticles by Microwaves Irradiation
Author: K.T.Al-Rasoul
Paper ID: ATBAS-20124043
Pages: 1 - 8
Abstract: Nanoparticles of nickel oxide with an average crystalline size of 45-55nm have been successfully prepared by microwave irradiation using nickel nitrate and sodium hydroxide solutions as the starting materials. The precipitation of nickel hydroxide after dry was irradiated by microwave radiation for short time. The nickel oxide nanoparticles are characterized by using some techniques such as x-ray powder diffraction, atomic force microscope and light scattering methods. The x-ray diffraction data result for sample irradiated for 30sec showed three phases (Ni(OH) 2 , Ni 2 O 3 , and NiO) while sample for further treatment 60sec. Show highly pure phase of NiO with semi spherical shapes.

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Title: Selection Criteria for Open Source Software Adoption in Malaysia
Authors: Khadijah Chamili, Yusmadi Yah Jusoh, Jamaiah H.Yahaya and Noraini Che pa
Paper ID: ATBAS-60212027
Pages: 9 - 13
Abstract: Abstract- Nowadays we can see open source software (OSS) product dumping in market as an alternative to traditional closed source software or proprietary software, particularly in office environment. Well function at reasonable price or seamless free of charge is believed to help small or large organization to increase productivity while saving. Study found that proprietary software is widely used at public sector agencies until this date. This is the biggest challenge for Malaysian Administrative Modernisation and Management Planning Unit (MAMPU) on leading open source software (OSS) initiative in Malaysia. The adoption of OSS among potential users in public sector agencies is still low and need to increase as formulated under The Malaysian Public Sector Open Source Software Master Plan. Lack of confidence and user's perception on OSS product contribute to this scenario. To build confidence among potential users, we are suggesting the selection criteria should be outlined to assist the selection of OSS product in the future. Through this study, the selection criteria are proposed for ease of understanding, comparison and improvement in the future. It comprises of three dimensions: system quality, information quality and service quality which tailored to the criteria build from literature study, standard for software quality and guidelines from MAMPU. In addition, internal criteria are also suggested into the selection criteria to ensure that the inner constraints are included.

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Title: Introspective Abilities In Preschool Children
Authors: Louca-Papaleontiou, E., Melhuish, E., Philaretou, A.
Paper ID: ATBAS-90213028
Pages: 14 - 30
Abstract: The main aim of the current research is to examine the existence of young children's introspective abilities, such as the awareness of the 'fact' and the 'content' of thought. Fifty children of mean age 5 years were individually tested both at the beginning and at the end of the school-year. Half of them were randomly selected and constituted the experimental group and had an intervention for half-an-hour for twenty weeks, which gave emphasis to the use and instruction of a number of internal-state words and other metacognitive activities. At the end of the intervention, the experimental group scored statistically higher in the metacognitive ability of introspection, and especially in children's accuracy in referring to the content of thought.

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Title: Terrorism Prevention and Human Rights Violation
Author: Abdulaziz Ayoub
Paper ID: ATBAS-40210025
Pages: 31 - 41
Abstract: Terrorism is a significant threat to the protection of human rights, democracy, regional and international peace and security. Moreover, it is the duty and responsibility of each state or government to protect its citizens from terrorist attacks. However, terrorism counteract should not be an excuse to violate human rights and harm innocent people. The purpose of this paper will be to shed the light on three issues. First, the urgent need to fight and counteract terrorism in its different shapes and types. Second, the need to respect human rights and do not violate them. In other words to consider any citizen or human being innocent until it is proved that he/she is guilty. Third, with the excuse of terrorist counteraction, human rights should be conserved without any violation. The paper will be descriptive in nature with different points of view, examples on human right violation in many parts of the world, and discussion of how terrorism counteract can be carried out without violation of human rights in civilized societies. It will also shed the light on the rights of the suspected perpetrators of terrorist attacks because they are considered members of the human family in the course of apprehension and prosecution.

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